We all know diabetes is a dangerous health condition, but many people don’t know very well what it truly is. Diabetes is truly a complex metabolism disorder where metabolism is what sort of body utilizes the meals you eat to gain energy. Carbs, including sugars and starches, are broken down into glucose. Insulin, a hormone, helps by absorbing glucose, so the body can use glucose for energy. Unfortunately, if you have diabetes, you don’t have enough of the hormone or your body doesn’t use insulin correctly. Sometimes, it is both in diabetic patients.
There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. There’s also another common type, which is known as gestational diabetes, but this can only happen in pregnant women. There are still other types of diabetes, which are due to gene defects, drug side effects, problems with the pancreas, and other conditions.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes happens when you don’t have enough insulin in the body and the main causes include:
• Genetic susceptibility: If a member of family has type 1 diabetes, you will develop the condition as well. Some gene variations that instruct the creation of individual leukocyte antigens (HLAs) are associated with type 1 diabetes.
• Beta cells devastation: Beta cells in the pancreas that induce insulin are ruined because the disease fighting capability actually episodes and abolishes the beta-cells.
• Environmental factors: Infections and viruses donate to type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes
This type is the most typical where the body will not use insulin correctly. It really is the effect of a quantity of different facets, including:
• Family history: Exactly like type 1 diabetes, you are more vunerable to the condition if your mother or father or any relation has a brief history of it.
• Obesity: Being overweight and lack of physical activity are strong explanations why people develop type 2 diabetes. This is often due to the high caloric consumption, which the body cannot use properly. The imbalance causes obesity, which then easily contributes to diabetes.
• Insulin resistance: People who are obese have this condition where the fat, liver, and muscle cells no longer respond to insulin, so the pancreas produce more insulin to compensate.
• Unusual glucose production: Some diabetic patients experience an abnormal rise in glucose production, which takes place in the liver. This then contributes to high levels of blood glucose, leading to diabetes.
People who have type 1 diabetes can still have type 2 diabetes and vice versa. This disease is feared for a reason. While there are some causes that can’t be changed, having a healthy lifestyle can definitely give rise to saving you from this deadly disease.