When you have rectal bleeding, it means you’re passing blood from your anus. It is usually assumed that this condition results from the rectum or the lower colon. The rectum is located at the very bottom of the large intestine.
If you notice there’s blood in your stool, in the toilet bowl, or the toilet paper you have used, this means you’re suffering from rectal bleeding. It is typically bright red in color, but can also be dark maroon or tarry.
What Causes Rectal Bleeding?
There are many reasons why rectal bleeding occurs, but the most common ones include:
- Tea in the skin of the anus known as anal fissure
- Very hard stools
- Chronic constipation
Other causes that are less common include:
- Anal cancer
- Colon cancer
- Abnormalities close to the intestinal blood vessels known as angiodysplasia
- Colon polyps
- Inflammation in the gallbladder or cholecystitis
- Radiation therapy
- Ulcerative colitis
- Infection-related colon inflammation known as ganglion cyst
- Ischemic colitis
Aside from the noticeable blood you can find in your stool, toilet bowl, or tissue paper, there’re also other symptoms associated with rectal bleeding such as:
- Abdominal pain
- Constipation and straining
- Skin problems, including itching
- Swelling around the anal area
Treatment for rectal bleeding will typically might depend on the reason for the bleeding. It really is advised to get medical help immediately if rectal bleeding comes with signals of surprise, including fainting, dilemma, blurry eyesight, dizziness, speedy and shallow respiration, low urine result, and nausea. They are usually due to too much loss of blood. Additionally it is important to visit the er if bleeding is heavy or doesn’t stop and it is followed by anal and stomach pain. While waiting around to talk to your doctor, there are some home treatments that can be helpful in preventing rectal bleeding including:
- Drinking 8 to 10 glasses of water every day
- Avoiding straining when moving the bowels
- Bathing or showering to cleanse the anal skin
- Eating more fiber-rich foods, including leafy greens
- Decreasing time when sitting on the toilet to eliminate
- Taking a sitz bath
- Applying ice packs on the anal area for pain reduction
- Avoiding alcohol and caffeine which can both contribute to dehydration
It is recommended to take note of the symptoms as well as the color of the blood and the stool regularity. When you go to the doctor, you will mostly have a rectal exam and checks like colonoscopy unless the cause is obvious such as hemorrhoids or constipation.